Got a New Paper Birch Tree? Tips to Keep Your New Tree Healthy

A paper birch tree has a beautiful white bark that grows best in cool climates because it has shallow roots. The best climate for it has cool summers and long winters. This tree has a narrow canopy that will provide you with dappled shade. Because the shade is dappled, you can plant groundcover plants that grow well in part shade under it. Below are some tips to help you take good care of your paper birch tree so it stays healthy.

Proper Care for the Paper Birch Tree

Contact a tree company in your area to help you set up a preventive insect-control program. This is very important, as these trees are susceptible to a variety of pests.

A newly planted paper birch tree should be fertilized with a birch-tree fertilizer to help it get established, promote root growth, and to increase its tolerance to stress. You should be able to find this fertilizer at garden centers or online. Follow the instructions on how to properly apply it to the tree.

Your paper birch tree should be pruned to give it a strong structure and maintain its health. Removing branches that are diseased or broken will stop fungi from spreading throughout the tree. If the tree becomes too full, the tree-trimming service will thin it out so it has more sun exposure and so air can circulate within the canopy much better. This can help the tree resist many diseases.

Symptoms of Infections

You should learn the symptoms of different pest infections so you can get the tree the help it needs. One of the deadliest pests that attacks paper birch trees is the bronze birch borer. Some of the main symptoms of this pest include:

  • Sparse foliage
  • Chlorotic leaves
  • Upper branch dying
  • Bumps on the branches of limbs
  • D-shaped holes in the bark

If you notice any of these symptoms, check it out online and contact the tree-trimming service immediately. Catching the problem early may save your tree. If it is too far gone, the tree will eventually die.

The birch leafminers is another pest that goes after paper birch trees. Leafminers are the larvae that come from tiny wasps, known as black sawflies. Adult wasps lay their eggs on the leaves. When the eggs hatch, the leafminers eat through the birch leaves, which creates pale, small tunnels. Over time the leaves will turn brown and die and drop from the birch tree. Fortunately, the birch leafminers will not kill your paper birch tree, but they will affect its appearance.

If properly taken care of, a paper birch tree can live to be over 100 years old.